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To this finish, the report notes that state-of-the-art Centers for Reproductive Health have been opened all through the nation, including remote areas. The report states a quantity of occasions that these Centers are stocked with “the newest medical equipment” and “expensive fashionable equipment … to provide effective remedy of untimely infants,” and even embrace laparoscopes. Yet another interviewee recalled a time when what was alleged to be a celebration of ladies placed an infinite burden on them. On International Women’s Day several years ago, President Niyazov decreed that every one girl students within the nation would receive a gift of fabric or sneakers. Instead, in some areas, faculty directors took money from the salaries of the lecturers – usually ladies – to pay for the Women’s Day gifts to the scholars. On another event, Niyazov instructed faculties to pay girls academics for one or two months of their maternity leaves.

«The girls demanded the policeman present them a copy of the document that bans ,» the witness said. «Also, inspectors can turn up within the workplace at any time for more checks,» the woman stated on May 2. Those who refused to sign have been fired, a local RFE/RL correspondent reported, citing a quantity of eyewitnesses. Instead, the authorities often use varied strategies — such as making it troublesome for girls to acquire a driver’s license or for them to renew their expired licenses — which effectively bans them from driving. In Balkan Province, several individuals informed RFE/RL that girls are no longer allowed to take the entrance seat subsequent to drivers — both in taxis and personal automobiles. It’s not clear if the same rule was introduced in other elements of Turkmenistan.

How To Restoration Turkmen Girls

Turkmenistan has recorded a modest increase in women’s participation in the nationwide parliament over the previous two decades, from 18% to 24.8% . The share of women in lower-level consultant bodies is even smaller, excluding district and city councils (26%). Women maintain solely 20.42% of total seats in regional councils and 22.05% of total seats in rural councils. The numbers may seem passable, reflecting the worldwide average; nonetheless, numbers alone do not tell the whole story. Paragraph 153 of the government report states that the minimal age of marriage for individuals marrying other nationals is 16.

Surprising Details About Turkmenistan Women Exposed

USAID strengthens the capability of the country’s youth to meet the calls for of the labor market via its Enriching Youth for Tomorrow initiative. To date, the Agency’s expertise improvement training and internship applications have benefitted 2,558 younger individuals, 61% of whom gained employment and 71% of whom elevated their incomes after finishing this system. Of 526 post-graduate youth trained in entrepreneurial abilities, 12% have began their own business and 30% have continued to participate in startup programs. In addition, USAID has provided methodological and training help to teachers in the fields of economics and entrepreneurship, including the development of 15 studying manuals. Finally, USAID has developed gentle skills coaching programs tailored to Turkmen youth, together with the “I Can” program targeting youth with disabilities. The civil society area does embrace a few native unbiased actors and initiatives worthy of dialogue, such because the online-based Jora (“girl friend” in Turkmen) and Saglyk (“health” in Turkmen). This initiative focuses on younger ladies, seeking to improve their consciousness of issues relating to bodily, emotional, and psychological health.

In a model new, Taliban-style ban, traffic police in Turkmenistan additionally now prohibit male drivers of private autos from selecting up girls until they are associated. Females are additionally banned from sitting within the entrance seat subsequent to the driver.

Article 134 of the Criminal Code criminalizes rape, however the government’s treatment of rape is just like its remedy of domestic violence. There are not any nationwide efforts to teach individuals concerning the crime of rape, to tell women of their rights, or to even try to diminish the stigmatization that victims of rape face. There aren’t any rape crisis centers or counseling programs dedicated to serving to rape victims. Second, the absence of nationwide public condemnation of domestic violence has contributed to an atmosphere by which girls are hesitant to report the abuse. Domestic violence is generally thought of to be a private matter, and exposing problems within a family to the basic public is commonly considered as scandalous. Therefore, an absence of sympathy for victims of domestic violence might prevent some women from in search of help. The authorities report states in Paragraph 146 that “the right to receive help from the other spouse, underneath conditions established by regulation, is maintained even after the dissolution of marriage” .

As head of the Democratic Party of “Neutral and Independent” Turkmenistan, the country’s only tolerated political get together, Niyazov has employed censorship, show trials, imprisonment, and frequent alternative of key authorities officers to make sure the security of his rule. In 1999, despite a constitutional provision of a five-year presidential time period, the Turkmenistan’s People’s Council elected Niyazov president for life. In addition to his brutal ways of political repression, Niyazov is known for his bizarre decrees, similar to these changing the names of the days of the week and forbidding long hair on men and gold enamel. The International Women’s Rights Action Watch is a worldwide resource, communications and technical help center that serves activists, students, and organizations all through the world.

«The new president turned out to be a woman-hater,» one Balkan resident said. They typically have assigned roles in society and decreased rights compared to men. Study of women’s rights within the nation is made tough by authorities censorship and lack of dependable, official knowledge. makes use of 2011 Purchasing Power Parity round for worldwide comparisons. It also wants to be noted that default monetary values for Eurozone international locations are displayed in PPP Euros and are thus totally different from Market exchange price Euros.

Women are most often selected for seen political posts so as to imitate adherence to international follow; they do not take pleasure in autonomy in their decision-making, as all posts and institutions within the country are deprived of such powers, aside from the presidency. Notable high-ranking feminine officers embody the country’s ombudsperson , the chair of the national parliament’s decrease chamber (Gülşat Mämmedowa), and the everlasting representative of Turkmenistan to the UN .

In the Nineties, after independence from the Soviet Union, many of the former Soviet republics skilled a decline in general life expectancy driven by increases in male mortality. A decline in life expectancy also occurred Turkmenistan, however it was driven by a sharp decline in feminine life expectancy between 1993 and 1994. The cause for the drop is not properly understood, however it is believed to be tied to the low standing of women in society, a state of affairs that also exists today. The life expectancy of ladies dwelling in rural areas was reported to be 10 years decrease than that of their counterparts in Ashgabat. This distinction has been interpreted as being due partly to decrease survival price of feminine infants in rural areas. The information provided right here include official state-provided data, statistics reported by the Turkmenistan government to supra-national organizations such as the World Health Organization , NGO produced estimates, and journalistic sources. Women are in danger for HIV via sex work and intravenous drug use, but additionally as wives and companions of men who use sex staff or use injected medicine.

This highly-regressive policy stands consistent with the Turkmenistan government’s anti-rights agenda that has lengthy violated people’s rights to SRH and bodily autonomy. The identical agenda sponsors the proliferation of misinformation and stigma on SRHR. May 2022 – overnight, with no discover nor public session, the Turkmenistan authorities covertly handed a ruling that just about bans all abortion care. The ruling restricted protected and authorized abortion entry from 12 weeks to 5 weeks. Beyond the legal gestational period, pregnant individuals are pressured to proceed pregnancies towards their will or to bear the dangers of delayed care, extortionate costs, or even unsafe strategies.

The Book of Dede Korkut, the historic epic of the Oghuz Turks, was written in the ninth and tenth century. They migrated westwards within the area of the Aral Sea and the Syr Darya Basin within the tenth century. A clan of the Oghuz, the Seljuks took over Islam, entered Persia within the eleventh century and founded the Great Seljuk Empire.

President Niyazov’s pseudo-spiritual information on the virtues of being Turkmen has replaced most textbooks in the country and has led to a discount in the coverage of subject-specific content material. As entry to greater training more and more depends on a student’s capacity to bribe college officers, families usually tend to invest in sending their sons to universities than their daughters. Long earlier than she turned the director for coverage planning in the workplace of the NATO secretary-general, Benedetta Berti left her hometown of Bologna, Italy, on the age of 16 to move to the small town of Danvers in Southern Illinois as an change scholar. It was the first time that she ventured out on her personal without the support of her quick household. For their work as leaders in international public well being and worldwide security, Magtymova and Berti will receive the 2021 Fletcher Women’s Leadership Award on May 20 in a virtual celebration .